The First Eight Months of Oklahoma City.
THE PRESIDENT'S PROCLAMATION OPENING OKLAHOMA TERRITORY
Whereas, pursuant to Section eight, of the Act of Congress approved March third, eighteen hundred and eighty-five, entitled "an Act making appropriations for the current and contingent expenses of the Indian Department, and for fulfilling treaty stipulations with various Indian tribes, for the year ending June thirtieth, eighteen hundred and eighty-six, and for other purposes," certain articles of cession and agreement were made and concluded at the City of Washington on the nineteenth day of January, in the year of our Lord, eighteen hundred and eighty-nine, by and between the United States of America and the Muskogee (or Creek) Nation of Indians, whereby the said Muskogee (or Creek) Nation of Indians, for the consideration therein mentioned, ceded and granted to the United States, without reservation or condition, full and complete title to the entire western half of the domain of the said Muskogee (or Creek) Nation, in the Indian Territory, lying west of the division line surveyed and established under the treaty with said Nation, dated the fourteenth of June, eighteen hundred and sixty-six, also granted and released to the United States all and every claim, estate, right or interest of any and every description in and to any and all land and territory whatever, except so much of the former domain of said Muskogee (or Creek) Nation as lies east of said line of division surveyed and established as aforesaid, and then used and occupied as the home of said Nation, and which articles of cession and agreement were duly accepted, ratified and confirmed by said Muskogee (or Creek) Nation of Indians by act of its council, approved on the thirty-first day of January, eighteen hundred and eighty-nine, and by the United States by act of Congress approved March first, eighteen hundred and eighty-nine, and
Whereas, by Section twelve of the Act, entitled "An
Act making appropriations for the current and contingent expenses of the Indian Department, and for fulfilling
treaty stipulations with various Indian tribes, for the year ending June thirtieth, eighteen hundred and ninety and
for other purposes," approved March second, eighteen hundred and eighty-nine, a sum of money was appropriated to pay in full the Seminole Nation of Indians for all the right, title, interest and claim which said Nation of Indians might have in and to certain lands ceded by article three of the treaty between the United States and said Nation of Indians, concluded June fourteenth, eighteen hundred and sixty-six, and proclaimed August sixteenth, eighteen hundred and sixty-six, said appropriation to become operative upon the execution of the duly appointed delegates of said Nation especially empowered to do so of a release and conveyance to the United States of all right, title, interest and claim of said Nation of Indians in and to said lands in manner and form satisfactory to the president of the United States and
Whereas, said release and conveyance bearing date
the sixteenth day of March, eighteen hundred and eighty nine, has been duly and fully executed, approved and
Whereas, Section thirteen of the Act last aforesaid
relating to said lands, provides as follows:
Sec. 13. That the lands acquired by the United States under said agreement shall be a part of the public do-main to be disposed of only as herein provided, and section sixteen and thirty-six of each township whether surveyed or unsurveyed, are hereby reserved for the use and benefit of the public schools to be established within the limits of said lands under such conditions and regulations as may be hereafter enacted by Congress.
That the lands acquired by conveyance from the Seminole Indians hereunder, except the sixteenth and thirty-sixth sections, shall be disposed of to actual settlers under the homestead laws only except as herein other-wise provided (except that section two thousand three hundred and one of the Revised Statutes shall not apply:) And, provided further,
That any person who having attempted to, but for any cause failed to secure a title in fee to a homestead under existing laws or who made entry under what is known as the commuted provision of the homestead laws shall be qualified to make a homestead entry upon said lands.
And provided further, That the rights of honorably discharged Union soldiers and sailors in the late civil war as defined and described in sections twenty-three hundred and four and twenty-three hundred and five of the Revised Statues shall not be abridged
And provided further, That such entry shall be made in square form as nearly as practicable, and no person
shall be permitted to enter more than one quarter section thereof, but until said lands are opened for settlement by proclamation of the President, no person shall be permitted to enter any of said lands or acquire any right thereto.
The secretary of the interior may, after said proclamation and not before, permit entry of said lands for townsites, under sections twenty-three hundred and eighty-seven and twenty-three hundred and eighty-eight of tile Revised Statutes but no such entry shall embrace more than one-half section of land.
That all the foregoing, provisions with reference to lands to be acquired from-the Seminole Indians including the provisions pertaining to forfeiture shall apply to and regulate the disposal of the lands acquired from the Muskogee or Creek Indians by articles of cession and agreement made and concluded at the City of Washington, on the nineteenth day of January, in the year of our Lord eighteen hundred and eighty-nine.
Now, therefore, I, Benjamin Harrison, president of the United States, by virtue of the power in me vested by said Act of Congress, approved March second, eighteen hundred and eighty-nine, aforesaid, do hereby declare and make known that so much of the lands as aforesaid acquired from or conveyed by the Muskogee (or Creek) Nation of Indians, and from or by the Seminole Nation of Indians, respectively, as is contained within the following described boundaries, viz:
Beginning at a point above the degree of longitude ninety-eight west from Greenwich, as surveyed in the years eighteen hundred fifty-eight and eighteen hundred and seventy-one intersects the Canadian river; thence north along and with the said degree to a point where the same intersects the Cimarron river, thence up said river along the right bank thereof to a point where the same is intersected by the south line of what is known as the Cherokee lands lying west of the Arkansas river, or as the "Cherokee outlet," said line being the north line of
the lands ceded by the Muskogee (or Creek) Nation of Indians to the United States by the treaty of June fourteenth, eighteen hundred and sixty six, thence east along said line to a point where the same intersects the west line of the lands set apart as a reservation for the Pawnee Indians by Act of Congress approved April tenth, eighteen hundred and seventy-six, being the range line between ranges four and five east of the Indian meridian, thence south on said line to a point where the same intersects the middle of the main channel of the Cimarron river,
thence up said river along the middle of the main channel thereof, to a point where the same intersects the range line between range one east and range one west (being the Indian meridian) which line forms the western boundary of the reservation set apart respectively for the Iowa and Kickapoo Indians by Executive Orders dated respectively August fifteenth, eighteen hundred and eighty-three; thence south along said range line or meridian to a point where the same intersects the right bank of the North Fork of the Canadian river, thence up said river, along the right bank thereof to a point where the same is intersected by the west line of the reservation occupied by the Citizen Band of Pottawatomies and the Absentee Shawnee Indians, set apart under the provisions of the treaty of February twenty-seven, eighteen hundred and sixty-seven between the United States and the Pottawatomie tribe of Indians and referred to in the Act of Congress approved May twenty-three, eighteen hundred and seventy-two; thence south to the said west line of the aforesaid reservation to a point where the same intersects the middle of the main channel of the Canadian river; thence up the said river along the middle of the main channel thereof, to a point opposite to the place of beginning and thence north to the place of beginning saving and accepting one acre of land in square form in the northwest corner of section nine, in township sixteen north, range two west of the Indian meridian in the Indian territory, and also one acre of land in the southeast corner of the north-west quarter of section fifteen, township sixteen north, range seven west of the Indian meridian in the Indian Territory (which last described two acres are hereby reserved for government use and control) will at and after the hour of twelve o'clock, noon, of the Twenty-second day of April next, and not before, be open for settlement, under the terms of and subject to all the conditions, limitations and restrictions contained in said Act of Congress approved March second, eighteen hundred and eighty-nine, and the laws of the United States applicable thereto. And it is hereby expressly declared and made known that no other parts of portions of the lands embraced within the Indian Territory than these herein specifically described and declared to be open to settlement at the time above named and fixed, are to be considered as open to settlement under this Proclamation or the act of March second, eighteen hundred and eighty-nine aforesaid; and
Warning is hereby again expressly given that no person entering upon and occupying said lands before said
hour of twelve o'clock, noon, of the twenty-second day of April, A. D. eighteen hundred and eighty-nine,
herein before fixed, will ever be permitted to enter any of said lands or acquire any rights thereto, and that the officers
of the United States will be required to strictly enforce the provision of the Act of Congress to the above
In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and
caused the seal of the United States to be affixed.
Done at the city of Washington, this twenty-third
day of March, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and eighty-nine, and of the Independence of the
United States the one hundred and thirteenth.
By the President.
JAMES G. BLAINE,
Secretary of State.