Indian Pioneer Papers - Index
History Project for Oklahoma
Date: August 13, 1937
Post Office: , Oklahoma
Date of Birth: 1866
Place of Birth: Gilmer
Father: Gabe Morris
Place of Birth:
Information on father:
a white man
Mother: Francis Daugherty
Place of birth:
Information on mother:
Field Worker: W. J. B.
Glove Morris, a one-sixteenth
Cherokee, was born in Gilmer County, Georgia, in 1866. His parents
were Gabe Morris, a white man, and Francis Daugherty, a one-eighth Cherokee
woman. They came to the Indian Territory in 1870. Settled on
Jim MCCLURE’s place about three quarters of a mile from the Arkansas line
now known as John R. RUSSELL place. The family consisted of ten children
namely: John, Henry, Glove, Virgil, Tom, Mary, Roxie, Alice, Carrie
and Acie. Acie died immediately after coming to the Cherokee Nation.
Most of the early life
of Glove Morris was on a small farm that the family operated. The
farm consisted of about fifty acres. The principal crops in the Cherokee
Nation at that time was corn, wheat, beans, oats and other small vegetables.
The Cherokees had not learned to farm for profit yet. They usually
raised just enough to put their families through the winter.
Most of the farms were small, numbering on an average about ten acres.
The fullbloods usually raised just corn. Each family had a small
building where they stored their corn called cribs. Some stored corn in
the lofts of their homes. Corn was the principal crop because it
could be used for food in so many ways.
Most of the mixed breeds
raised small grains as wheat and oats, but they had much difficulty in
taking care of this at harvest time. There was no such things as
a binder or a thresher. Most of the harvesting had to be done by
cradles. But it was the custom for old-timers to help one another.
So they usually went in bunches — what was called harvest crews, going
from one field to another. Several years after coming to the Cherokee
Nation, Wash LEE, a prominent man of his time, bought the first thresher
that was bought in the Cherokee Nation, that is, this part of the Goingsnake
Baptist Mission was the
only school near the home of the Morris’s at that time. Glove and
his brothers attended this school until Glove finished the sixth grade.
This was considered a fair education those days. Carrie BUSHYHEAD
was one of their teachers. A white man by the name of HARRIS also
taught there for several terms.
The Cherokees did not
go to church very much in those days. Although the Baptist Mission
was already a well established church, when Morris was still a small boy,
this is the church that the Morris family attended. The earliest
Preacher at this place that he knows anything about was Rev. GUPTON, a
white man. Adam LACIE was the only fullblood that took an active
Each year the Baptist
people would hold, what they called Camp Meetings at this place.
Many people from all over the Cherokee Nation would come to these meetings.
Food was donated by the people. Those meetings would last for two
or three weeks. He has saw many baptized on Ballard Creek from the
results of said meetings.
Trading and Milling Points
was their main trading point. This was their milling point also.
At that time the merchants were Bob and Bill RAY. A man by the name
of CRAIG also operated a small store, in Cincinnati.
Moore Brothers operated
the Mill. Many Cherokees from the eastern part of the Cherokee Nation
came to this place to do their milling. This was the chief wheat
milling point. There were several grists mills in the Cherokee Nation.
Eli WRIGHT operated a small mill on Baron Fork Creek about four miles above
the present village of Baron, Oklahoma. People by the name of BECK
also operated a mill on Flint Creek, which is now Delaware County.
Dress shoes sold at Cincinnati
at that time for about one dollar and a quarter. Calico cloth sold
at five cents per yard. Corn sold at fifty cents per bushel.
Good cows sold at twelve and fifteen dollars. Horses at twenty five
dollars. Sorghum sold at forty cents per gallon. Isaac
Morris, was the molasses King. His mill was located just east of
the Baptist Mission Mountain. Among the people in their respective communities
they did their trading the old Barter way. They traded with one another
the things one had that he did not need, he traded such for the things
that he did not have.
The Cherokees among the
fullbloods made their own dye. They used different trees and roots
to make their dyes. Red Shoe-Make berries mixed with Walnut bark
made a black dye. They used most of these dyes to dye their yarn
and home-made cloth. Red Shoe-Make mixed with Hickory bark made a
Herbs was the chief source
for getting medicines. Among the herbs that was most used are the
Gen-Sing roots, May Apple roots, Black root was also used for chills.
They used the May Apple roots in making pills. They would boil
these roots until they became thick. They were then fashioned into
small balls about the size of a buck shot and taken as a pill. They
sold these for a dime for fifty. Fire was also used to a great extent
in their doctorings. The Cherokee’s sure could cure a snake bite.
They were good to doctor head-aches.
Among the early day fullblood
doctors was CHA-WA-YEU-GA, an old fullblood lady that lived in the community
of Oak Hill school now. She was the mother of the two Dunowose boys
that was hung at Tahlequah in 1891 for the murder of Wash Lee, a prominent
Cherokee. Peggy DRY was another Indian Doctor of that time.
Anna SIXBITS was another. She lived where the Ballard Village is
The Old-Timers in this
part of the country were Bill BRIGHT, John THORNTON, Wash LEE, Soldier
SIXKILLER, Taylor Sixkiller, George WELCH, YELLOWHAMMER, Tom SWAKE, Zeke
PROCTOR, Nelson GLASS and Steve DOG.
Ferries & Fords
There was only one ferry
in this part of the Cherokee Nation. That was a ferry on the Arkansas,
known as Fisher Ferry. The Illinois River sometimes would rise and
stay for three weeks in the early days. When the river was up this
was the only place where it could be crossed.
There were several fords
in the Illinois River in the early days. Ward Ford was about two
miles north of Old Ft. Wayne. Proctor Ford about three miles northwest
of now Watts, Oklahoma. Slick Rock Ford about four miles northwest
of Ft. Wayne. Mitchell Mill Ford about ten miles west of Old Ft.
Wayne. Chewey Ford fifteen miles west of Old Ft. Wayne. George
Hughes Ford about ten miles northwest of now Watts, Oklahoma. Vann
Ford at Oil Springs, and Boudinot Ford at Tahlequah, Oklahoma.
Game & Fish
There was plenty of game
and fish to be found in this part of the Cherokee Nation. Deer and
Turkeys abounded in the woods. Many other small animals as squirrels,
rabbits and wild prairie chickens were found. Mr. Morris at one time
saw twenty eight deer all in a bunch. You could hear turkeys all
over the hills in the early morning. The Illinois River was full
of fish. He recalls one Fish Poisoning at Allen Bluff. There
was about three hundred people present at this place. They bought
one hundred and two bushels of Buck-Eye. They killed fish for three
miles down the river. He would be safe in saying that they killed
about three thousand pounds of fish. The people that was there were
George MITCHELL, Fred GRANT (later hung for murder), Bullet WEAVER, Henry
MORRIS, Bill GRISBY, Bill MITCHELL, Tom WELCH, Mose CRITTENDEN, John BROWN,
Jim THORNTON, Rider HAMMER and Abraham SIXKILLER.
Horse-Racing was a leading
sport in those days. The Redden Prairie Tracks was the place where
they had their races. Among the early day race men was Miles MULCAR,
Frank BROWN and Ned STILL. Just across the line in Arkansas lived
white men that followed this sport they were Zack THOMASON, Dan SISS, Dick
GLENN and Henry GARRETT. The greatest race ever ran at this place
was between the Mulcar and the Thomason horses. This was in 1890.
Mulcar horse won this race.
There was plenty of musicians
in this part of the Nation at that time. The most loved of all music
was singing - they had a very good quartet on Ballard Creek. This
quartet consisted of George TA-KA-NE-SKEE, Taylor HARRIS, famous bass,
Louis DRAGGER and May KA-HAWK. They were all Cherokees. If
there had been any radios in those days, they could have sang over any
of the broadcasting stations. There were many that played the old
violin. When the Strip Payment was paid off they all bought organs.
Intruders were white
men that came to the Indian country without permits. Sometimes outlaws
from some other states would come to this country they were also intruders.
We were not bothered very much with intruders those days.
Old Ft. Wayne was the
only military site in the Goingsnake District. When Morris was about
twelve years old he helped dig some of the old brick out of the ruins of
this fort. He saw the old log house that served as officers’ quarters
before they moved the logs.
The first Post Office
in this part of the country was the Old Baptist Post Office. Carrie
QUALLS (Quarles) was the Post Master at this place. The next Post
Office in this part of the country was the Oil Springs Post Office at Oil
The Cherokee Nation paid
her Officers from the royalties on land leases, timber and interest on
The earliest saw mill
in this part of the Cherokee Nation was the mill operated by George WELCH
on the Illinois River near Ft. Wayne. All of the lumber that was
needed in building the present Baptist Mission came from this mill.
Zeke PROCTOR operated
another mill across the Illinois River but the lumber used in building
the home of Mr. Morris came from the Haney Mill near Chewey. Morris
has in his possession an old home-made grind stone used at this mill to
sharpen their axes at that time. This stone was shaped by Ike Ragsdale.
The Court House was located
at Peacheater Branch. Mr. Morris was a juror at the trial of Walker
BARK for the murder of Johnson REESE. Bark was convicted and hung
for this murder. The other Jurors were Henry MORRIS, John BROWN,
Bill PROCTOR, Elias FOREMAN, Bill HERN and Jim HERN.
This trial was tried
in 1888. The two years he was serving as deputy sheriff under Ben
KNIGHT he helped arrest Fred and George DUNOWOSE brothers, for the murder
of Wash LEE. This murder happened in a mile of the home of Morris.
Fred had made a crop with Morris during the summer. He killed Wash
Lee in September, the last day.
Those two boys were also
hung at Tahlequah. He has the picture of these boys taken just about
an hour before they went to the gallows. He also has a letter that
Fred wrote to him in the last few minutes in this world. He warned
Morris to be careful in raising his boy, Nick. He must teach his
boy to beware of women - they was the cause of him to be where he was now.
Submitted to OKGenWeb by Wanda