Short History of Craig County, Oklahoma
||The United States acquired most of the area that is now
Oklahoma as part of the Louisiana Purchase. Panhandle remained under
||Most of present-day Oklahoma became part of the Missouri
||Most of present-day Oklahoma became part of the Arkansas
||Missouri become the Twenty-fourth State.
||Cherokee and Choctaw moved out voluntarily to Indian
Territory, (old settlers).
||The western part of the Louisiana Purchase, including the
Arkansas Territory, was designated as the Indian Territory.
||The Creek, Seminole and Chickasaw Indian tribes came to
||Arkansas becomes Twenty-fifth State.
||The forced removal of the Cherokee Indians over the Trail of
Tears. Eight of the nine Cherokee District formed, The Cherokee Districts
are Flint, Going Snake, Delaware, Sequoyah, Illinois, Canadian, Saline.
||Texas becomes the Twenty-eighth State.
||The Indian Territory was limited to the area of what is now
Oklahoma. Five-mile strip across southern boundary of Kansas was known as
neutral lands. Crawford and Cherokee counties Kansas were neutral land was
in the Delaware District, IT. until after the Civil War.
||Cooweescoowee. District formed from the western portion of
||Federal Census (white man in Oklahoma) at the end of Yell
County, AR census roll.
||Coody's Bluff in Nowata County, six miles E. of Nowata post
office began 5 May 1860. Prior to the Civil War was 42 post offices
had been established in all of Indian Territory. Because of the sparse
settlement on the Prairie Plains, one of the closest to what was later
Craig County was at Coody's Bluff What few families there were did their
trading and got their mail at Chetopa, Kansas. Before the outbreak of the
Civil War, only 13 of the twenty-nine post offices were in Cherokee
Nation. Only Fort Gibson, Tahlequah and Flint survived the war. Flint
dated back to 1846.
||Kansas became the Thirty-fourth State.
||The Five Civilized Tribes sided primarily with the
Confederacy and raised the Confederate Indian Brigade and the Indian Home
Guard. They fought in battles in the Arkansas and Oklahoma area.
||The Civil War ends.
||Between 1865 and 1889, cattlemen, railroaders, soldiers, and
settlers lived within Indian Territory's borders before settlement was
||Vinita came into existence seven years after the end of the
Civil War. The war had left the Cherokee Nation a field of destruction.
||The rail lines came through which is now Craig County.
Vinita known as "The Junction" was ready to become a new trading
and shipping point for the Cherokee Nation.
||In May, Indian Territory was divided into Oklahoma Territory
and Indian Territory. The area which is Craig County was part of two
Cherokee District, West of Katy R.R. line was known as Cooweescoowee
District and East of the tracks was Delaware District.
||Territory census was not destroyed. They were not housed
with the federal censuses. (Townships in Craig County have numbers instead
||Court records before State Hood check at Muskogee, OK and
Ft. Smith, AR archives.
Establishment of the Towns in Craig County
||M.K.T. Railroad or Katy Lines came from Chetopa, Kansas
through Welch, Blue Jacket, Vinita, Muskogee, to the border into Texas.
Indian Territory was called "the promised land" as it offered
fine grazing land the possibility of free land.
||Atlantic & Pacific Railroad or Frisco line stopped at
Vinita until permission was granted in 1881 to cross the Katy Line. This
rail line came from Neosho, Missouri to Big Cabin, Vinita, Claremore and
to Tulsa by 1882.
||K.O.G. Railroad went through Ketchum
|Major trails through Indian Territory such as the
Chisholm, Great Western, East Shawnee, West Shawnee, Couch, Payne and
Plummer ran between cattle land in Texas and grazing and farm land in
Kansas. East Shawnee trail from Fort Washita to Baxter Spring, KS.
Military Road used to haul food supplies and ammunition during the Civil
War from Fort Scott, KS to Fort Gibson, IT. The
Military Road crossed Cabin Creek about three miles above where it
empties into Grand River (about 16 miles from Vinita). Battle of Cabin
Creek took place at the crossing during the Civil War.
||Vinita Indian Chieftain
||Vinita Daily Indian Chieftain
||Vinita Weekly Journal
||Vinita Daily Journal
||Craig County Gazette (Ketchum, Blue Jacket, Centralia)
||Craig County Democrat
1907 Oklahoma Becomes Forty-Sixth State
Ancestry Red Book-American State, County and Town Sources, edited by
Alice Eichholz, Ph.D.,
C.G., published by Ancestry, Salt Lake City, UT, 1992, pgs 858.
(Oklahoma information on pages 589-605)
The Boundaries of Oklahoma, by John W. Morris, Oklahoma
Historical Society, Oklahoma City,OK 1980.
Oklahoma Place Names, second Edition, by George H. Shirk,
publisher University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, OK, 1989, pgs 268.
Research Outline, Oklahoma, Family History Library, Salt Lake,
The Handybook for Genealogists United States of America-Ninth
Edition, Published by The Everton Publisher, Inc., Logan, UT, 1999, pgs
546. (Oklahoma on pages 320-329)
Vinita, I. T—The Story of a Frontier Town of the Cherokee
Nation 187 1-1907,by O.B.Campbell, published by Colorgraphics, a
subsidiary of the Oklahoma Publishing Co., Oklahoma City, 1969, pgs.171.
Contact the Craig County Genealogy Society, to see if the above books
are available. Check our Books for sale, for further research.
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