USGenWeb logo

Garvin County

County Seat - Pauls Valley

OKGenWeb logo
| Home | Archives  | Cemeteries | History | Lookups | Obits |
| Queries | Resources | Schools | Surnames | Links |

"Links to web sites that are not part of the USGenWeb Project are provided for your convenience
and do not imply any endorsement of the web sites or their contents by The USGenWeb Project."

okgenwebt.gif (4928 bytes)

 

GARVIN COUNTY INDIAN PIONEER PAPERS

 

OKGenWeb Indian Pioneer Papers Collection

 

Garvin County Indian Pioneer Papers





 

 

J.W. Shumate

 

Interview #8344
Field Worker: Maurice R. Anderson
Date: August 24, 1937
Name: Mr. J.W. Shumate
Residence: Pauls Valley, Oklahoma
Date of Birth: 1855
Place of Birth: Kentucky
Father: William Shumate, born in Kentucky
Mother: Mary E. Garner, born in Unknown

 

divide_3.gif (1179 bytes)

I was born in Kentucky in 1855.  I came to the Indian Territory in 1894, and settled at Elmore.  There were two stores and a blacksmith shop there at that time.

I went to work for Doug Burk, who owned one of the dry goods and grocery stores.

A Mr. Black was the postmaster and the post office was at his home.  The mail was brought from Pauls Valley in a buggy.

Jim Gibson came to Elmore, after I settled there, and built him a one room building, which he stocked with about one hundred dollar's worth of groceries.  As time went by, he added on to this store, and later started the bank at Elmore.

The only taxes we had to pay was a five dollar permit to live in the Indian Territory.  A Chickasaw Indian officer came around and if you didn't pay the five dollars required, you were taken and set across Red River.  They never did take anyone from Elmore.  I always paid my permit.

There was no church or school in Elmore at that time.

When a man told you he would pay for something at a certain time he would do it.  We did a large credit business in those days.  The country was thickly settled by 1900.  Nearly every day new settlers came in and wanted us to credit them for groceries until they harvested their crop.

We bought our groceries from the wholesale house at Pauls Valley and they were hauled in wagons to Elmore.  The country from Pauls Valley to Elmore was open range, and with the kind of roads we had then, it was all we could do to make the trip in one day.  The dry goods we handled were shipped from Kansas City, Missouri.  We had no telephones, and sometimes we had to wait two or three days for a shipment to arrive.

There were several farms, but they would be on some creek.  The prairies were covered with grass knee-high.  There were fine meadows, but people didn't put the hay up then; their stock ranged as far out as they wanted to go.

I moved to Pauls Valley and went to work for Mr. Freeman in a general store, and in later years I went into the dry goods business for myself.

 

divide_3.gif (1179 bytes)

This document was last modified on:

OKBits logo

OK/IT logo

Animated US Flag
God Bless America

Hosted & 2017 by:
OKGenWeb logo

Garvin County Coordinator: Gail Meyer Kilgore

OKGenWeb State Coordinator
Linda Simpson
Asst: Mel Owings
1996-Present ~ All Rights Reserved

NOTICE: In keeping with our policy of providing free Information on the Internet, data may be used by non-commercial entities, as long as this message remains on all copied material. These electronic pages may NOT be reproduced in any format for profit or for presentation by other persons or organizations. Files may be printed or copied for Personal use only. Persons or organizations desiring to use this material for purposes other than stated above must obtain the written consent of the file contributor.