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Garvin County

County Seat - Pauls Valley

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Garvin County Indian Pioneer Papers

Everet Peer Baker

J. D. Baker

Mattie Baker

Lem F. Blevins

W. E. Blevins

Jesse Chipman

Floyd Cooper

Joe Davis

Tom C. Fields

Perry High

Mrs. E.G. Hightower

R.L. Janeway

Mollie Kinney

Perry Lanham

John E. McCarty
(Erick, Beckham Co.)

Burell Nash

Victoria Paul

John Parks

James R . Reed

Jennie Campbell Reel

Albert Rennie

J.W. Shumate

C.L. Thompson

F.M. Tolbert

Earl Witten

Mrs. Betty Young

Dr. J.A. Young



Mattie Baker


Interview #8494
Field Worker: Maurice R. Anderson
Date: September 16, 1937
Name: Mrs. Mattie Baker
Residence: Pauls Valley, Oklahoma
Date of Birth: March 17, 1872
Place of Birth:  Arkansas
Father:  W. L. Roady, born in Tennessee
Mother:  Margaret Smithon, born in Tennessee


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I, Mrs. Mattie Baker was born in 1872 in Arkansas.  I came to the Indian Territory with my father and mother in 1888.  We came from Arkansas in a covered wagon.  we first settled at Pauls Valley and my father rented some land on the east side of the railroad track at Pauls Valley.  The first year we were here, my father had the land where the east side of Pauls Valley is now sown in wheat.  There was a grist mill there and according to older settlers as well as myself this mill was put there by Zack Gardner in the early seventies.  My father farmed at Pauls Valley two years and then we moved southwest of Pauls Valley about ten miles, where my father had bought a lease.

There wasn't any school in that part of the country, so with help from some of our neighbors, my father built the first school in that part of the country.  It was a log school house built of split logs and with wooden pegs driven into other logs for seats.  I went to this school and we only had Blue Back Spellers for books.    The school only held six months out of the year and it cost one dollar and fifty cents a month for each child sent.  This school was named for my father and was called Roady School.

When we came to Pauls Valley we had to ford the Washita River at Zack Gardner's Mill.  There was a ferry crossing at Cherokee Town at the time we came to Pauls Valley.

I married R.P. Baker after we had been at Pauls Valley a few years and he told me that he and his brother came to Pauls Valley in 1872.  They were orphan boys and he was only sixteen, and the younger of the two.  He said when they came here this was a wild country and that there was a stage line running from Caddo to Fort Sill through Pauls Valley and that it was dangerous for a white man to start west from Pauls Valley by himself as the Comanche Indians were bad.  He and his brother helped put up hay along this stage line, between Pauls Valley and Fort Sill, and after the railroad came through this stage line was stopped.

My husband put in the first livery stable at Pauls Valley.  My husband was also in the grocery business at Brady.  At that time there were two stores, a blacksmith shop and a gin at Brady.  There were lost of people trading at this little place.   After automobiles came in they killed those little towns as people went to trading at the larger places where they could buy their groceries cheaper.

I now live at my home on the southwest side of Pauls Valley.

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