Hackberry Cemetery

From A Now and Then, by Carolyn Maxwell, The Frederick Press, January 16 and 19, 1978
(reprinted in The History of Tillman County8, Volume II, published 1978):

Contributed by Carolyn Tharp ctharp@osrhe.edu

Hackberry Cemetery, located two miles east and six miles south of Frederick, served the once-flourishing Hackberry Flat community. Since the first burial (Bina Emenhiser in June 1903), burials have continued there through the years, the most recent being that of Robert E. Stewart, who died March 8, 1977.

In 1971, an effort to clean up, fence, and maintain Hackberry Cemetery was begun by Ed Burke, Wichita, Kansas. With financial support from many descendants of early-day area settlers and elbow grease from the younger generation, the cemetery was restored, and a gateway arch built. There are a few instances where new stones have been placed on graves where older stones have deteriorated badly. Unfortunately, like all the other country cemeteries, there are many, many unmarked graves in Hackberry.

Three generations of Burkes and Hickersons are buried in this cemetery. These two families were the first to move into the Red River community east of Davidson after the land opening in 1901.

Alta Burke French has two marvelous pieces of Tillman County history: a history of Hackberry Cemetery, handwritten by Bert Schneider in 1912, and the constitution and by-laws of the cemetery association, also hand-written by Mr. Schneider. Part of the charm of Mr. Schneider's writing is his spelling sentence construction, which I've tried to duplicate. The account gets a bit tedious halfway through, but don't give up! (Documents are found following tombstone transcription.)

The following information is on tombstones in this cemetery:

AFFHOLTER, Geneva, January 6, 1920 - January 28, 1937

AGEE, Margaret A., January 23, 1870 - March 2, 1965

AGEE, Irb W., May 8, 1865 - August 26, 1934

ANDERSON, George Robert, son of Mr. and Mrs. W. D., July 10, 1904 - January 8, 1907

ANTHONY, Minnie, daughter of S. P. and F. C., June 8, 1907 - June 19, 1907

BEVERAGE, William J., April 17, 1923 - February 8, 1924

BIRKHEAD, Fannie M., wife of G. F., April 17, 1891 - March 26, 1914

BLACKWOOD, Martha Jane, January 1, 1894 - September 13, 1939

BLANKENSHIP, Dessie Odell, June 7, 1942 - October 2, 1942

BLANKENSHIP, Albert, June 9, 1975 - 69 years, 2 months, 6 days

BROWN, Verlin G., son of Mr. and Mrs. W. H., August 31, 1923 - August 5, 1935

BURK, G. A., September 30, 1884 - August 1, 1914

BURK, Emma, 1866 - 1938

BURK, John A., 1862 - 1928

BURK, Betty Jo, 1921 - 1926

BURKE, Lambert, son of J. D. and Emma, March 1, 1902 - July 23, 1913, 11 years.

BURKE, Emma A., 1865 - 1941

BURKE, J. D., 1861 - 1938

BURKE, Willie C., wife of P. J., 1894 - 1938

BURKE, Billie Rue, March 16, 1919 - July 6, 1920

BURKE, Percy J., husband of Willie, 1892 - 1961

BURLESON, Aunt Sally, 1857 - 1949

COLLINS, Jesse Jenkins, Kizer's Co., Forrest's Scouts, CSA

COLYER, Eliza T., 1886 - 1933

COLYER, Robert L., 1882 - 1935

CUNNINGHAM, sons of G. T. and Lue, August 19, 1903 - August 19, 1903; August 19, 1904 - August 24, 1904

DAVIS, A. L. "Mack", April 21, 1891 - October 3, 1916

DAVIS, Eliza Celia, 1864 - 1952

DAVIS, Henry Mack, 1866 - 1915

DEFEE, F. M., 1860 - 1924

DEFEE, Infant son of Marion and May, 1918

DEFEE, Baby Gillis, 1915 - 1917

DENNIS, Mary Isabella, daughter of David and Ida May, 1905 - 1907

DILL, Lloyd Eugene, son of W. R. and Sally, 1926 (unmarked)

EMENHISER, Earl, 1894 - 1962

EMENHISER, John T., 1857 - 1926

EMENHISER, Lettie E., 1862 - 1911

EMENHISER, Bina M., 1890 - 1903

EMENHISER, Tilden O., 1903 - 1906

EMENHISER, Cecil G., 1887 - 1906

FERGUSON, Stephen H., January 8, 1891 - December 1, 1909

FERGUSON, Lou Ella, April 1, 1865 - October 5, 1910

FERGUSON, Henry Wise, August 16, 1856 - October 20, 1946

FILLMORE, Infant son of Mr. and Mrs. D. L., September 15, 1916

FINE, Joseph C., October 30, 1907 - November 4, 1907

FREEMAN, Charles C., 1883 - 1929

GOLDEN, Willie Mack

GUEST, children of R. D. and M., Thaddeous, January 21, 1900 - June 4, 1902 and Lial, December 5, 1902 - January 4, 1903

HAMMONDS, J. M., February 20, 1853 - October 16, 1908

HAMNER, Kitty, August 21, 1894 - March 14, 1904

HARRIS, Maggie, 1862 - 1933

HARRIS, J. F., 1850 - 1929

HARRIS, Richard, October 4, 1896 - December 10, 1918

HAVRON, Mabel Myrtle, daughter of M. H. and Mary E., September 24, 1901 - January 22, 1908

HEFNER, Jessie C., 1878 - 1936

HEFNER, Baby son of Henry and Laura, January 6, 1911

HICKERSON, Floyd M., April 20, 1910 - April 29, 1945

HICKERSON, Mary R., 1872 - 1932

HICKERSON, James M., 1868 - 1956

HICKERSON, Anita C., daughter of R. S. and Zelda, April 18, 1922 - January 5, 1924

HICKERSON, Jim and Charlie, January 25, 1905 - February 17, 1905

HIPP, John Morrison, Okla. Pvt., 358 Inf., 90 Division, World War I, January 20, 1893 - June 20, 1951

HIPP, Julia, March 23, 1862 - February 5, 1942

HIPP, J. P., January 11, 1846 - July 17, 1909

HOLDERREAD, Ora A., son of H. H. and M. B., August 26, 1906 - September 9, 1907

HORNE, Elnora, January 24, 1929 - February 18, 1929

HORTON, Marvin E., September 20, 1894 - July 24, 1914

KIDWELL, Philip Oakley, February 7, 1890 - March 2, 1946

KIDWELL, Dave, March 2, 1881 - November 26, 1950

KIDWELL, Thurman Eugene, October 22, 1927 - March 23, 1929

KIDWELL, J. H., May 14, 1888 - January 21, 1943

KIDWELL, James L., November 13, 1853 - March 21, 1904

KIDWELL, Mary Elizabeth, 1852 - 1939

KIDWELL, Jacob Henry, January 25, 1918 - April 1, 1918

KIDWELL, David Russell, March 4, 1927 - November 25, 1946

KIDWELL, Charlie J., 1882 - 1967

KIDWELL, Ellen Jewell, wife of C. J., 1890 - 1940

LANDFAIR, Artis, son of W. H. and Donia, June 19, 1904 - September 27, 1905

LANFAIR, Everett, Texas Pvt., U. S. Army, November 19, 1936

LEATHERWOOD, Margaret, 1847 - 1916

LEDBETTER, W. T., 1868 - 1921

LITTLE, W. M., February 4, 1851 - February 26, 1912

LITTLE, Martha, 1856 - 1934

LITTLE, Albert (Jack), 1888 - 1943

LONG, Jacob H., 1869 - 1920

LYNCH, Anna H., July 17, 1882 - August 7, 1959

LYNCH, George B., February 23, 1868 - March 17, 1941

LYNCH (Third grave in plot without marker)

MADDOX, Elizabeth, March 2, 1880 - September 5, 1944

MADDUX, Illo and Willie, died 1928

MANSELL, Violet, Louis, and Lillie

MARSHALL, A. Blanche, May 20, 1870 - August 1, 1947

MARSHALL, Vada G., October 9, 1925 - January 6, 1926

MARSHALL, W. J., 1853 - 1924

MARSHALL, William C. "Bill", April 5, 1902 - blank

MARSHALL, Gladys Stewart, May 2, 1909 - December 24, 1928

MATHIS, Infant son of Mr. and Mrs. W. M., May 26, 1926

McCAGER, Martin Garvin, 1856 - 1920

McDANIEL, R. L. October 13, 1877 - March 28, 1906, 28 years, 5 months, 15 days

McDANIEL, Maude M., 1887 - 1927

McDANIEL, Lois Welma, daughter of L. K. and E. E., April 21, 1905 - October 4, 1906

MITCHELL, Infant daughter of Mr. and Mrs. George, April 28, 1917

MONTGOMERY, Martin Nathan, son of E. D. and Katie, March 18, 1903 - October 29, 1907

MONTGOMERY, Vonie V., son of C. M. and V., February 14, 1908 - March 6, 1911

MONTGOMERY, William O., son of C. M. and V., August 24, 1895 - March 1, 1911

MONTGOMERY, Ira B., son of G. M. and M. A., November 10, 1912 - November 23, 1912

MONTGOMERY, Elsie E., daughter of G. M. and M. A., September 30, 1908 - March 25, 1909

MONTGOMERY, James A., son of J. E. and E. L., July 3, 1906 - January 14, 1908

MONTGOMERY, George M., 1876 - 1952

MONTGOMERY, Anna, wife of George M., 1886 - 1928

MORRIS, Baby daughter of Allen and Carrie, April 1, 1910 - April 6, 1910

MORRISON, Son, Vivian Glenn, April 24, 1917 - February 5, 1920

MORRISON, Beloved Wife Annie Mae, June 26, 1895 - February 11, 1920

MURPHY, Pearl O., wife of W. H., November 14, 1873 - March 19, 1904

NEAL, Claudie L., April 3, 1924 - May 8, 1924

NEAL, Jewel Mae, August 31, 1929 - August 31, 1929

NEAL, James Overton, June 18, 1918 - December 24, 1936

OVERTON, Daisy Lee, 1930 - 1932

POLK, James Ellis, March 13, 1873 - March 22, 1934

POLK, Liller E., November 16, 1876 - March 21, 1964

PRESCOTT, Della H., November 12, 1882 - October 22, 1976

PRESCOTT, James G., March 28, 1886 - September 29, 1935

PRESCOTT, Leon C., July 3, 1911 - January 15, 1918

PRESCOTT, Cora L., 1886 - 1967

PRESCOTT, John H., 1881 - 1948

PRESCOTT, Minola, July 10, 1916 - July 10, 1916

PRESCOTT, Virgil Lee, son of J. H. and C. L., March 9, 1910 - February 11, 1924

REID, Eliza E., wife of G. W., April 17, 1839 - December 12, 1908

ROBSON, Nora B., November 20, 1887 - November 24, 1914

SCOTT, Willis F., 1850 - 1908

SCOTT, Infant son of Mr. and Mrs. E. K., 1908 - 1912

SIGGINS, William A., 1852 - 1929

SIGGINS, Marry T., wife of Wm. A., July 27, 1867 - February 17, 1924

SIMPSON, Thomas W., February 9, 1867 - April 15, 1910

SPLAWN, John N., March 17, 1912 - July 30, 1913

STEWART, Infant son of Robert and Clara, August 7, 1951

STEWART, Clara O., June 16, 1908 - August 7, 1951

STEWART, Robert E., December 14, 1901 - March 8, 1977

TATE, son of J. P., October 30, 1918 - November 3, 1918

THOMPSON, Lula S., June 30, 1881 - October 14, 1960

THOMPSON, Sidney C., May 21, 1874 - March 6, 1952

WAGES, R. M., 1848 - 1917

WAGNER, Joan, October 8, 1932, 1 month old

WAGNER, (first name undecipherable), October 9, 1926, 1 day old

WAGNER, Margie, November 16, 1932 - 3 years, 4 months, 24 days

WAGNER, (two more small metal markers, names undecipherable)

WALLS, Susie E., 1880 - 1956

WALLS, K. W., 1878 - 1933

WEIMER, J. G., February 16, 1876 - August 4, 1914

WEIMER, J. E., June 11, 1878 - January 24, 1917

WEIMER, Joseph B., June 8, 1846 - March 4, 1925

WICKOFF, Mary A., 1870 - 1947

WILLIAMS, E. Delma, 1906 - 1938

WINFREY, Oscar, July 13, 1920 - May 19, 1936

WOLFE, James, son of J. H. and M. C., August 24, 1911 - September 1, 1911

WOOD, Dorothy P., daughter of D. B. and Mamie, February 13, 1908 - June 12, 1908

WOODALL, Amon, 1865 - 1921

WOODALL, G. W., 1839 - 1918

WOODALL, Susan C., 1840 - 1926

WRAY, Infant son of Mr. and Mrs. Van, April 14, 1960 (Not positive of Wray. Marker difficult to read.)

YOUNG, Rochester, son of T. M. and Addie, March 7, 1914 - June 23, 1917

YORK, Wesley, October 7, 1910 - October 7, 1910

YORK, T. B., October 6, 1912 - March 4, 1913

YORK, Frank, September 24, 1915 - August 25, 1916

The history of Hackberry Cemetery was written in 1912 by Bert Schneider and is reproduced here as faithfully as possible:

Our organization first came into existence in December 1902 when Bro. M. LaDue, superintendant of Hackberry Sunday School, called our attention to the fact that we were likely to need a Cemetary some day and suggested that we begin to look after this matter. After discussion Mr.s Searle Eminhiser, Lewis LaDue and Schneider were appointed to secure an acre of land and raise funds to pay for same if necessary.

A donation of 1 acre in the south west corner of Sec 15 T#S, R 17 W was secured from Fred Leonard by Mr. Eminhiser. Location secured nothing else was done until June 16, 1903 when it became necessary to prepare a grave for Bina Eminhiser. Mr. Alexander who lived near the proposed site objected. Mr. Leonard's consent to move to the north west corner of section was secured where we again met with objections from Mr. Mathison who lived near that place. After a heated discussion a compromise was secured in the present site to which Mr. Leonard agreed.

On Nov. 14, 1904 a general call for volunteers was responded to by 16 men who worked all day surveying and staking according to a plan submitted by Mr. Lewis.

$1.65 worth of bodark blocks and poasts were donated by six men for stakes.

A deed was secured, made to the directors of cemetery association and $7.00 was raised pryor to Mch 18 1905 at which time we tried to call a mass meeting to consider fencing there were only three persons came to this meeting. We were informed by Rolla Guess that our association was unlawfull not having the right to own and a charter.

As we had not the funds to either build a fence or incorporate under the laws of Oklahoma, we decided to have Mr. Eminhiser secure a new deed made to school district no 165, have the same recorded and await a more oppertune time for fencing.

The deed was secured at once and placed upon record, as Mr. Leonard was trying to sell his farm, but we have since found that while the school district actually ownes this property according to the tearms of the deed and there is no law to prevent us from using it for a cemetery and no law to prevent school district from making deed to individual lot owners and no way for any one to disposess either school district or lot owners, yet a deed given by school district is invalid as school districts have no more right to own a cemetery than any other unincorporated organization.

One way to clear our title is to have school district incorporate. Another way is to incorporate the cemetery association and acquire title by condemnation proceedings.

There may be other ways but we would have been compeled to have employed an attorney to find them.

How ever we have successfully worked the rule or ruin game, for while we failed to get this like we wanted, no one else can get it either and should we se fit to bring condemnation proceedings we believe the school district would ask less damage than the man who is likely to own this farm by that time.

Had we have known we could have had the deed made to some secret order such as the Masons or Wodmen as their grand lodges are incorporated, and their subordinates do business under this same charter, and they could have deeded it to us any time we saw fit to incorporated if they did not go defunct.

But

1-1/2 years after we attempted to call this meeting, we attempted to call another notifying 43 persons, heads of families, either by postal or in person to attend besides announcements at churchs and in local papers there were only three at this meeting.

Mr. Eminhiser made the statement if we would agree he would call on every one who had relatives buried here, and demand $2.00 from them that he would take this and the $7.00 we had in tresure and put a 3 barbed wire fence around cemetery. We consented.

Nothing was done for three months until Mr. Eminhiser called upon Chas Cuningham and Jim Hamner for $2.00 each. the $2.00 did very well but the cheap barb wire they claimed an outrage and a disgrace to the community and said if we would call upon the citizens we would find every one willing to donate money for a good fence even though they had neglected to attend our meetings which we later found to be true.

It was here agreed by Mr.s Eminhiser Cuningham and Hamner that they would give $5.00 each toward a good fence, and promised to call on every one living south or east of school house for donations saying if they failed to secure the cash we need not try, within 30 days we had $94.30 in treasure which was later raised to $98.05.

There were 46 men who contributed to this fund, 11 of which gave $5.00 each several $2.00 each, there was one man who has no one buried here gave $5.00 however most of us only gave $1.00 each.

On February 27, 1907 we again attempted to call a meeting notifying 48 persons, heads of families to attend, there was only one person other than the three directors present and director Eminhiser brought him.

We decided upon the kind of fence ourselves and purchased material.

On Mch 29 1907 a call for volunteers to set poasts were responded to by 17 men who said they would be satisfied with any kind of fence we saw fit to buy.

On May 30 1907 we met at cemetery to assist Mr. Banta stretch wire, puled up a corner poast, and hired Mr. Beatty to reset and anchor corner and gate poasts for 10.00.

On June 13 we met and assisted Mr. Banta stretch wire and hang gates.

The fence cost $84.41 including the 10.00 paid for anchoring corner poasts, recording deed $1.00 minute book 35 cents postcards used in attempting to call meetns 40 cents, a tot of $86.16 from $98.05 the total amount donated leaves a balance cash on hand of $11.89 in Treasure.

This acre of land was ploted into 100 lots besides 6 potters field lots. There are at present 82 persons buried in 80 graves on 63 lots besides one buried in the drive way and 2 in potters field.

There are 37 lots not buried upon but if the one in the drive way should be placed upon a lot we would only have 36 lots a fraction over 1/3 left, the first grave was placed here in June 1903, 9 years ago. Funerals were not very frequent during the first 4 years as many farms were vacant and others were tenanted by a long bachelor gave us a small population and many were sent back to their old home for burial, but about this time our population doubled. The pasture was thrown open to settlement and before they secured cemeteries down there a great many came here. 24 of the 63 lots buried upon received their first grave during the years of 1907 and 1908. Since then there has been established cemeteries at the Brethern Church and near Holister, Lovland, Qunah* and Grandfield which has reduced the frequency of Funerals here.

However, the city of Frederick has recently adopted the pay as you enter plan which may disgust some who live around here and would have buried at Frederick as some of our neighbors have in the past, a few of which doubtless would be willing to donate more than a lot cost, and many who are not able to pay $15 or $25 for a lot in addition to a large doctor and undertaker's bill.

It is a safe calculation that within 4 years not many lots will remain. Should we have some kind of epidemic they may not last that long, and again should we use all these 36 lots before we enlarge, some one may wish a lot near some one who is buried here, or some ones lot may be filled and they would be compeled to choose a lot at a distence when they would much rather have one near by.

*Old-timers say there never was a cemetery near Quanah.

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