Latimer County
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Welcome to Latimer County!

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1910 Census index
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Located in southeastern Oklahoma, Latimer County encompasses 729.12 square miles of total land and water area. Bordering counties are Le Flore on the east, Haskell on the north, Pittsburg on the west, and Pushmataha on the south. With a 1907 population of 9,340, the county was created at Oklahoma statehood and named for James L. Latimer, the Wilburton-area representative in the 1906 Constitutional Convention. Wilburton serves as county seat, and Red Oak is the only other incorporated town.

Latimer County was originally from parts of Gaines, Sugarloaf, Wade, and Sand Bois Counties, Indian Territory, Choctaw Nation. Latimer County was created at statehood in 1907.

The county's early economy was based on coal mining. The principal coal-producing area lay in the northern mountains, in the Choctaw Segregated Coal Lands. By 1895 the Choctaw, Oklahoma and Gulf Railway operated mines near Gowen, Lutie, and Wilburton. By 1905 mining operations included McAlester Coal Mining Company (from 1897), McAlester Coal and Mineral Company (from 1897), Eastern Coal and Mining Company (from 1899), Great Western Coal and Coke Company (from 1899), and Missouri, Kansas and Texas Coal Company (from 1904), all near Wilburton; Kali-Inla Coal Company (from 1904) near Gowen; Bache and Denman Coal Company (from 1905) near Red Oak; and Le Bosquit Coal and Mining Company (from 1902) and Turkey Creek Coal Company (from 1901), both near Hughes. By 1912 the county had twenty-seven mines working three thousand miners producing five thousand tons per day. In addition, various individuals operated small strip mines. Most of the miners were native-born whites, but an assortment of Europeans, primarily from the British Isles and Italy, Mexicans, and African-Americans also contributed their labor to mining industry.


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Latimer County Historical & Genealogical Society


Choctaw and Chickasaw Data

Additional Links

County Probate Index
Index to Annals of Red Oak
Index to Wilburton IT - OK.

Voter Information
Application for Naturalization
County Tax Rolls 1910

Schools Index
Funeral Homes
A listing/history of town/place names.
Family Reunions in Latimer County
Surname List
Historical Narratives of Latimer County/Pre and Post Statehood

Marriage Application Filing Dates 1928 - 1950
Marriage License Information (Late 1890-1950)
Full-blood Conveyance 1907 - 1929 index
Choctaw Nation Marriage Index 1890 - 1907

Divorce Index 1905 - 1941
   A - L     M - Z

Township Maps 
County 1895 Map
Cemetery Location Maps

Family Group Sheets/Family Histories

Adjacent Counties
Haskell * Le Flore * Pittsburg * Pushmataha
Many times you can't find a record, or lose track of a person because they move. Early migration patterns often involved a short move, sometimes to a neighboring county.
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This page was last updated on 08/07/23

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