Pottawatomie County

Sacred Heart Church - 1945


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Pottawatomie County was carved out of land originally given to the Creek and Seminole after their forced removal from Georgia and Florida. After the Civil War, the Creek and Seminole were forced to cede their lands back to the federal government, and the area of Pottawatomie County was used to resettle the Iowa, Sac and Fox, Absentee Shawnee, Potawatomi and Kickapoo tribes.

Non-Indian settlement began on September 22, 1891 when all the tribes except the Kickapoo agreed to land allotment, where communal reservation land was divided and allotted to individual members of the tribes. The remaining land was opened to settlement.

During the land run, Pottawatomie County was organized as County "B" with Tecumseh as the county seat. In 1892, the voters of the county elected to rename County "B" as Pottawatomie County after the Potawatomi Indians.

In 1895, the Kickapoo gave up their land rights and their land was given away to white settlers in the last land run in Oklahoma.

In 1930, Shawnee, now bigger in size than Tecumseh, was approved by the voters to become the new county seat

Tecumseh, originally the County Seat, lost to the fast growing community of Shawnee. Incidentally, Shawnee was also in competition for the State Capitol. City leaders even went so far as to build a governorís house.

The oil and railroad industries were vital to the development of some Pottawatomie County towns and to the decline of others. Agriculture, however, remains a mainstay of the Countyís economy. Pottawatomie County has two institutions of higher education, Oklahoma Baptist University and St. Gregory's University

Pottawatomie County Courthouse
325 North Broadway
Shawnee, Oklahoma 74801
(405) 273- 3624

Shawnee Library
101 North Philadelphia
 Shawnee, Oklahoma  74802
(405) 275- 6353.

Tecumseh Library
114 North Broadway
Tecumseh, Oklahoma 74873
(405) 275-598- 5955

Sacred Heart Mission National Register of Historic Places nomination and history

Local History: Earlsboro, Pottawatomie County

Vintage Photographs

Cities, Towns, Unincorporated Communities

Pottawatomie County Cemeteries 
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Pottawatomie County Genealogy Club

Oklahoma DAR Wunagisa-Shawnee

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Land records - Deeds -  Assignments - Plats
A History of Pottawatomie County, OK - 1936

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State of Oklahoma

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Linda Simpson

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